Climate Change

Climate Change

This toolkit contains resources to support you in applying a gender- responsive approach to climate change action in your work:

 
  • Assessing legislation
  • Representing constituents
  • Strengthening resilience among your constituents
 

Urgent action on climate change – which is attributed directly to human activity – is critical if sustainable development gains are to be maintained

Climate action policies that do not address the specific and diverse needs of a population can deepen gender inequalities and vulnerabilities such as poverty and insecurity, and impede sustainable development.

Climate Change

This toolkit contains resources to support you in applying a gender- responsive approach to climate change action in your work:

 
  • Assessing legislation
  • Representing constituents
  • Strengthening resilience among your constituents
 

Urgent action on climate change – which is attributed directly to human activity – is critical if sustainable development gains are to be maintained

Climate action policies that do not address the specific and diverse needs of a population can deepen gender inequalities and vulnerabilities such as poverty and insecurity, and impede sustainable development.

Statistics

OF GLOBAL GAS EMISSIONS ARE ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE CARIBBEAN REGION
EASTERN CARIBBEAN STATES RANK AMONG THE TEN MOST DISASTER PRONE COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD
OF THE CARIBBEAN POPULATION LIVES WITHIN 1.5 KM OF THE OCEAN
  1. (2010) Source
  2. These are: Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Based on data since 1970, a disaster causing damage of more than 2 percent of GDP can be expected to affect an Eastern Caribbean island once every two and a half years. ( University of the West Indies (UWI) Institute of Gender Studies, 2015)
  3. (2015) Source
  • As Small Island Developing States, the countries of the Caribbean are some of the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.
  • Beyond the devastation of climate-related natural disasters like hurricanes and floods, climate change threaten public health, access to energy and water, and basic livelihoods in tourism, agriculture and fisheries.
  • These tools will strengthen your understanding of the vulnerabilities experienced by different social groups, including poor women-headed households, when confronted by the impacts of climate change. They provide examples of how to empower and strengthen resilience in the face of these vulnerabilities.

Climate change disproportionately affects women. Policies aimed at addressing the impacts of climate change must take this into account.

Women rely more on seasonal work in climate vulnerable sectors like tourism. They make up a majority of subsistence farmers, and tend to be responsible for household water and firewood collection. Women are also affected by specific physical vulnerabilities to vector-borne diseases like Zika spreading due to rising temperatures. Women headed households which are over-represented among poor households in the Caribbean are particularly vulnerable to the disaster related impacts of climate change..

These tools can be used to integrate gender considerations when developing legislation, policies and programmes in response to the impacts of climate change. They can help ensure that the specific needs of women and men are adequately addressed.

Climate change has pronounced effects on Caribbean environments and economies.

It is critical that legislators engage women (including from poor households) in the design and review of adaptation policies, establish sex-disaggregated baselines and targets to measure the impacts of legislation, and allocate dedicated funds through gender-sensitive budgeting.

Good Practices

The following practices have been submitted by parliamentarians and related stakeholders, and describe techniques that can be applied to:

Policy making on climate change that is gender responsive.

Climate Change
Gale Rigobert
St. Lucia
As a small island developing state we take very seriously our own commitment, our own responsibility to engage in more active public education so that our citizenry can better appreciate climate change, that it is not seen as something abstract, and that there is a greater understanding of our own involvement and participation in meeting our obligations and underscoring what is required of us in the various protocols.
Climate Change
Parliamentarians at the 2016 Gathering of the Parliamentary Network on Climate
Encourage citizens’ involvement in the development of legislation and supervision of governmental and parliamentary policies on climate change, particularly by the groups that are most vulnerable to its impacts. Consider gender implications in drafting of legislation to mitigate and adapt to climate change.
Climate Change
Tonni Brodber
Barbados
Many legislators have indicated that the critical links between the impact of climate change, disaster risk resilience and gender aren't always clear. Demonstrating the link clearly and how best to integrate gender into responses will lead to more effective and resilient responses where the potential of all women and men can be best utilized to contribute to a country's sustainable development.

Did You Know?

As part of the Paris Agreement adopted at the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 21), signatory states committed to “respect, promote and consider gender equality and empowerment of women… when taking action to combat climate change” – with an emphasis on increasing awareness and support for the development and implementation of gender-responsive climate adaptation policies at regional and national levels. Progress towards this goal will be reviewed in 2016 at COP 22 in Marrakech, and can also be monitored on the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) website.

Check Yourself

Flash Quiz Time! Revisit key aspects of this toolkit with a short, self-guided quiz. These multiple-choice questions are intended for personal knowledge review and responses are anonymous. Go ahead and challenge yourself.

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